R.F.C. Canada. Machine Gun Practice, Camp Mohawk, Desoronto, Ont. 1918 Credit: Canada. Dept. of National Defence/Library and Archives Canada
Ancestry.ca has updated this database which contains an index to the Attestation papers of men enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) of the First World War.
Information contained in the database includes:
•Name of enlistee
•Name of next of kin
•Relationship to next of kin
Additional information about the enlistee, such as their occupation, marital status, religion, and/or physical description may be found on the original record. Be sure to view the corresponding image in order to obtain all possible information about the individual.
Late Friday afternoon, on April the 26th, the LAC put on its website a report entitled Library and Archives Canada makes Canada’s documentary heritage more accessible than ever.
Through this report, it expresses how the LAC is helping Canadians to access their heritage through different programs that have been instituted by the LAC.
For instance, it says that “To this end, LAC has developed a suite of tools that have efficiently contributed to this unparalleled access to Canada’s heritage. In fact, Canadians showed great interest in accessing LAC’s collections on their computer screens and handheld devices, as observed by the popularity of its Flickr sets (over 350,000 views), its podcasts (over 149,000 listens) and the size of the readership of its blog (over 63,000 views). In addition to these new tools, LAC’s website receives an average of 500,000 visits monthly. The popularity of these channels, enabled by modern technology, demonstrates how promising LAC’s approach is in reaching Canadians, regardless of where they live”.
So what do you think? Is the LAC fulfilling its mandate?
The next monthly meeting will be held on Saturday March 9, 2013 at the Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa.
There will be a pre-meeting that will start at 9:00 to 9:30, and it will be a Before BIFHSGO Educational Talk on Tracing Your House History by Dr Bruce Elliott.
The Discovery Tables – Ireland will be open from 9:15 to 10:00 am, and Keith Hanton and the Irish Society of the National Capital Region will be there to answer your questions about Ireland, and the monthly meeting will take place at 10:00, and will end at 11:30.
The speaker will be Dr. Rhona Richman Kenneally, and she will talk about Cosy Homesteads: The Life and Lore of Traditional Irish Dwellings.
The aim of this presentation is to overlay the experience of the Irish “cottage” as a physical space, with the symbolic associations it has been granted over time.
A paper in the winter 2013 issue of Families I thought warranted a special post of its own since it was the Houston Memorial Lecture called Reflection on Archivists and Genealogists at last year conference of the OGS in Kingston, Ontario given by Dr. Ian E. Wilson, former chief archivist of the Library and Archives of Canada.
Besides giving a brief history of the LAC, in the last paragraphs of his paper, he talks about the “New challenges to archival services and genealogical research are becoming painfully apparent, as federal budget decisions work their way through to the local level”.
It is clear to genealogists and genealogy societies as they try to do genealogy research at the building at 395 Wellington Street in Ottawa, that they are becoming less and less welcome by Public Works – the department who ones and operates the building.
One only has to read that the Ottawa Branch of the OGS has cancelled their conference because the costs were too high, BISFHGO has had to look for a new place to hold their Saturday meeting and conference next year because the costs are too high (and they worked closely with the LAC) and there are a number of other groups in Ottawa that I am aware of that have had to ceased to meet at the LA because the costs are out of this world. So what are we to do?
So if you get a chance, read his paper because it does shed a light on the LAC as it was in his tenure as Chief Archivists and what it is today – a shell of its former shelf.
The Library and Archives Canada has just released this piece of news –
“In 1916, the Canadian government enumerated, for the second time, the Prairie Provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta) in order to track the high rates of population growth in western Canada.
Previously, users could search only by geographical information such as province, district and sub-district. It is now possible to also search by nominal information such as name, given name(s) and age for an individual.
Previously, users could search only by geographical information such as province, district and sub-district. It is now possible to also search by nominal information such as name, given name(s) and age for an individual”.
There has been an update on the termination and replacement of the Interlibrary Loan (ILL) Services at the Library and Archives Canada from OGS President Shirley Sturdevant.
You can read the full update on their blog at www.ogs.on.ca/ogsblog/?p=2794, but it more or less says that although she offered to be a part of the discussion, that offer wasn’t accepted. This is rather unfortunate, since Shirley might have been able to present the “genealogical point of view”, which has been missing from the discussion so far.
The answer that she received from the LAC said, in part, that “Although my offer was not accepted, I was promised by M. Grandmaitre (of the LAC) hat we would receive the same documentation as the other participating parties for further discussion with or distribution to our members”.
In the meantime, she says that “The Ontario Genealogical Society shall stay its course in advocating for open and equal access to our Canadian archival documents”.
With four travelling exhibitions on display in different venues across Canada, including one in the National Capital Region, LAC is showcasing the richness and diversity of its collections. This is an excellent example of LAC’s commitment to making the country’s heritage and history accessible to all Canadians—regardless of where they live.
The Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, in British Columbia, is hosting the exhibition Beyond Likeness: Contemporary Works from Library and Archives Canada until January 6, 2013. Through the works of 23 contemporary artists, the exhibition explores the evolving concept of portraiture from more traditional representations of likeness to works that challenge the conventions of the genre.
The New Brunswick Museum in Saint John is presenting the exhibition I Know You by Heart: Portrait Miniatures until December 31, 2012. Showcasing 35 recently restored portraits, the exhibition highlights the intimate, personal nature of portrait miniatures, and the reasons that such images are commissioned, created and carried. In March 2013, the exhibition will make its way to the Mendel Art Gallery in Saskatoon.
The McMichael Art Gallery in Kleinburg, Ontario, is showcasing LAC’s most recent exhibition Double Take: Portraits of Intriguing Canadians until January 20, 2013. Double Take presents 50 Canadians who have left—and are leaving—their mark on our country and our culture.
Finally, the exhibition Faces of 1812 is on display at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa until January 6, 2013. A commemorative exhibition, Faces of 1812 presents some of the men and women who experienced the War of 1812. LAC’s curatorial YouTube video and Faces of 1812 podcast will introduce you to the selected works that document this significant historical event.
Keep following this blog to find out where these exhibitions will travel next. It could be your hometown!
A rather hefty issue of the Anglo-Celtic Roots arrived in the mail last week from the British Isles Family History Society of Great Ottawa (BIFHSGO) in Ottawa with the news that the group is going to continue to use the facilities of the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) as its monthly meeting place, and where it holds its yearly conference.
Of course this comes with a price (as the LAC is now charging for the use of it’s facility), but at a cost the BIFHSGO is willing to live with, so let’s hope that Public Works and Government Services Canada (the government department that looks after the LAC) keeps the costs at a reasonable rate in the future.
There are three articles in this issue – "Mamie Weir, a Scot" by Carolyn Emblem; "Life in Saskatoon, 1914" by Andrew Frowd; and 'Tracking Great-Uncle Stan' by Brooke Broadbent.
But the article that interested me the most (since my husband was born in Quebec City) was the trip in July that took genealogists from Ottawa to Quebec City and Grosse Ile on a research trip.
The article written by Irene Kellow Ip, is a most descriptive article telling of their time in Quebec City where they visited Artillery Park, Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, and Dufferin Terrace. And on to Grosse-Île where they visited the Hospital Sector, the Irish Cemetery, and the Hotel Sector on the quarantine island.
The Library and Archives Canada is on Facebook, and I read quite a few postings this morning, so that I could get a feeling of what the LAC has done with it.
They have a lot of pictures taken from their holding on the pages, and there were photos I have never seen before eg photos of Home Children, Danish Immigration, and you can read Sir Winston Churchill first speech to the House of Commons as prime minister on 13 May 1940.
They have 262 “likes” right now, and comments on the page, some of which are about the closing of interlibrary loan on December 11 – next Tuesday!
To add to my post I did yesterday morning on the Haliax Explosion, the Library and Archives Canada Flickr website now has put photos on the Internet.
The LAC says that the explosion was a “tragedy on a massive scale (which) happened on Canadian shores on December 6, 1917 when the French cargo ship, the SS Mont Blanc, and the Norwegian SS Imo, collided in the harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia.’
Just read the Ottawa Citizen newspaper where the Canadian Postal Museum at the Canadian Museum of Civilization is closed in preparation for the change over to the new Canadian Museum of History to be opened in 2017.
The Postal Museum had been formed in 1971 by Canada Post, and had received various kudos for it’s completeness, but now it will be broken up into various travelling exhibits, with some of it staying behind in Ottawa at the new museum.
The Post Office was created as a federal department in 1867, and in early 1950s, cards were prepared by the Public Affairs Unit using the files and letter books on file. They were eventually turned over to the Library and Archives Canada, and put online so that we could use them today as a research tool. The records for the 1875-1902 have not survived.
The Oakville Historical Society is holding its last Public Speaker Night of the year this Wednesday. The topic for this final event is, “Alice’s Journey – A Personal Story of One Girl’s Journey from the Dr. Barnardo’s Homes to Canada,” as told by Alice’s daughter, Elaine Guther:
“The S.S. Scandinavian, with her precious cargo – Britain’s young children from the DR. BARNARDO’S HOMES cross the Atlantic on their way to Canada….. ALICE was on her way …..but would it be to “Wonderland”? “
The date of the lecture is Wednesday, November 21, 2012 at 7:30 pm – 9:00 pm, and the location is at St. John’s United Church, Dunn & Randall St., Oakville, Ontario.
Ken McKinlay of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa (BIFHSGO) has just sent me this call for proposals -
"The British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa (BIFHSGO) is seeking proposals for presentations at its 19th annual conference, September 20-22, 2013 to be held in Ottawa at Library and Archives Canada.
The focus this year will be on Ireland.
Proposals for other presentations besides those on Ireland are also invited as well as proposals for workshops or seminars on the Friday (September 20, 2013).
In May of this year, the OGS put this on their blog. It reads -
Cuts at Library and Archives Canada will Affect Genealogists May 18th, 2012
Recently several cuts were announced by Library and Archives Canada (LAC). These cuts will affect the ability of LAC to provide a high level of service to researchers and will affect the public’s ability to access records housed at LAC. Additionally, LAC has announced cuts to programs that support archives throughout Canada, which will affect the ability of these organizations to continue to make Canada’s documentary history accessible.
What do these cuts mean?
Our access to Canada’s documentary history, as well as its continued preservation, has been put in jeopardy.
How will these cuts affect genealogical researchers?
1. LAC will be reducing their hours, restricting the public’s access to knowledgeable archivists and reference staff, and genealogical inquiries will require appointments.
2. The inter-library loan program will be cancelled as of February 2013. Previously researchers could request that documents be sent to their local library, free of charge. Examples of these documents included microfilms of passenger lists and census records, or published books held in the library collection. The cancellation of this program means that researchers must travel to Ottawa to view these records, or hire a researcher in the Ottawa area to access the records for them.
3. The number of staff employed at LAC is being reduced by approximately 20%. Not only does this mean a reduction in service to researchers, it will also affect LAC’s ability to catalogue books, describe archival collections, and digitize the collection.
4. LAC’s collection mandate is changing. Previously LAC’s role was to preserve Canada’s cultural and historical heritage, but now the focus has shifted to preserving the documents of the federal government. This means that private business records and the documentary history of ordinary Canadians are no longer being actively collected. Already several important pieces of Canada’s Aboriginal and military history have been acquired by private collectors both inside and outside of Canada.
5. Small and medium-sized archives throughout the country have been dependent upon funding administered through LAC. The elimination of this funding puts their ability to preserve their collections at risk. This funding, in the past, has allowed these institutions to properly describe archival records, digitize collections, create archival exhibitions, and hire new archival professionals.
Monday night, I listened to a webinar given by Ancestry.com called
“Ready, Set, Go! Family History How-To Everyone Should Know”.
Although I don't usually write on Ancestry.com (I try keep my remarks to
their Canadian website, Ancestry.ca, on my blog), I made an exception this week, and
listened to an introductory webinar. I wanted to hear what they had to say about researching, and Crista Cowan (the girl who lead the
webinar – she is behind The Barefoot Genealogist's blog on Facebook
gave some good tips that anyone can use – be they a beginner or an
She gave a list of what she calls “Genealogy Conventions”. I
picked three conventions to write on -
When dealing with a married couples, always put the woman's maiden
name with her married name in the family tree. I always put (if I know it) her maiden name in the family tree, or in the search box.
That is, if I know what it is. If you don't know what it is when
searching, leave that field blank. In French-Canadian genealogy, it is preferable (because of Quebec civil laws listing all of a female's records under her birth name) to use the woman's maiden name when looking up civil records, as it will greatly increase your chances of finding her records vice finding them under her married name).
In a family tree, put the surname that you are researching in CAPS (capital letters),
and leave all other names in non-caps. Now this is interesting, but
it make perfect sense. The surname will leap out at you when it is in
caps, and you can easily find the name you are looking for. An
The trouble with place names — which seems to be a constant complaint I
hear with my research work in Canada — is, how do I approach this?
Crista says that it is a problem everywhere – just think about the
problems in Europe!
But we have problems in Canada, too. Right now, I am researching a
place in Ontario that had a name change in 1800s, plus a township
So, you must put the exact name where the event took place.
Remember that in order to find out all the information which is on
the 1851 Canada Census, you must check with the Library and Archives
Canada (LAC) website www.lac-bac.gc.ca – and you must have the correct name in the
search box, or else the search engine will say, “No Results Found”.
Ancestry doesn't show everything on a record, so you will have to go
to the LAC to find the information.
I must say that it was very good. If you missed it on the 14th,
it is going to be placed in their onsite archives in the Learning Center at www.ancestry.com/cs/HelpAndAdviceUS.
The 1921 Cenadian Census will be released to the Library and Archives Canada (LAC) on June 1st, 2013 from Statistics Canada. According to the legislation, 92 calendar years must have elapsed before the census is releaded to the LAC. The records will be transforred to the LAC, and it will opened for public use.
The LAC says that it is their intention to make the 1921 Canadian Census available to researchers online, in the same format as previous censuses, as soon as possible after that date.
Here are a few facts about the 1921 Canadian Census -
It was taken on June 1, 1921
It is the sixth comprehensive decennial census to be taken since the creation of the Dominion
There will be five schedules with a total of 565 questions
241 commissioners and 11,425 enumerators were employed
The most important growth of the population was in the prairie provinces with 47% since the 1911 Census
the overall population of Canada was 8,788,483 individuals.
Please visit our site - www.GenealogyCanada.com
There is lots of Canadian genealogy news to browse through, so please drop in for a spell.
There are also Canadian heritage and history news items, and the "Website of the Month" - always a surprise treat.
Thank you for dropping by - we appreciate your visits!!
Elizabeth Lapointe Research Services
Need a Canadian researcher?
Looking for someone who came to the United States from Canada, or went to Canada from the U.S., the U.K., or Europe?
I specialize in cross-border migration, and offer many options in finding your family.
Booklet #1 - The War of 1812: Canada and the United States
The booklet, “The War of 1812: Canada and the United States”, gives a synopsis of the causes of the War, and details the battles that took place (who, where, and when), and which included British forces, Blacks, and Aboriginal warriors who fought on both sides of the conflict.
Booklet #2 – Migration: Canada and the United States
These headings offer good examples of those who came to Canada, or of Canadians who left for the U.S, and why. The booklet gives a synopsis of what records to look for, the books written on the subject, where to find online resources, and a bonus list of some famous Canadians who migrated to the U.S.